Sperm Cell Maturation Takes 3 Months – Explanations and Implications

With millions of new sperm produced everyday it’s reasonable to expect a strong turnover of healthy cells if you are looking after your body. However, many men are unaware that it takes three months for sperm to fully develop and mature.

This means that how you treat you body during that time will influence the health of your sperm once it has matured. Armed with this knowledge, men can make informed choices to benefit their fertility.

Sperm production

spermiogenesis processSperm development follows a series of complex processes involving phases of cell divisions and differentiations. Throughout this development, sperm needs access to certain nutrients, amino acids, hormones, enzymes and other essential compounds to ensure healthy development.

At the same time, sperm needs to be safeguarded from oxidative stress which can significantly disrupt development and maturation.

While most of this development takes place within tubules located in the testicles, sperm must migrate into the epididymis before it can mature. While in the tubules, sperm is immobile and unfertile.

Male Reproductive System cross section viewOnly in the finally maturation stages within the epididymis does the sperm gain fertility and mobility. This entire process takes three months to complete. Although within the testes there are thousands of tubules all busily producing sperm at different maturation stages and there is always mature sperm available, fertility can fluctuate.

Sperm quality

For approximately 40% of infertile men there is no single explanation, although underlying maturation disorders are often evident1, 2.

While the sperm matures it is subjected to the same conditions as the rest of the body experiences. Thus, fertility can be hampered by certain lifestyle influences such as excessive heat, insufficient nutrition, drug use, and illness, among other factors.

causes of male infertility

Causes of Male Infertility

Although it may not be possible to pinpoint the exact cause(s) for infertility, there are measures men can take to try and lift fertility. Making positive, healthy lifestyle choices will be beneficial for sperm development and maturation.

However, it’s important to keep in mind that because sperm take approximately three months to mature, these positive changes won’t have an immediate effect.

To maximize fertility, men will need to wait three months after committing to positive lifestyle adjustments.

 

Why Arginine is important for male fertility

Men wanting to improve their fertility are encouraged to boost their intake of arginine. This is a vital amino acid for many processes within the body, including the production and maturation of healthy sperm.

Healthy spermatozoons, floating to ovuleScientists have demonstrated the importance of arginine in improving fertility levels in sub-fertile patients. This amino acid elevates sperm count, semen volume and sperm motility3, 4.

Arginine is critical for the production of spermin, an essential compound that stabilises and protects sperm DNA. Sperm cell division and motility also rely on the presence of spermin. Thus, boosting the availability of arginine can significantly improve sperm health via higher spermin activity.
In addition to producing spermin, arginine is also essential for producing nitric oxide (NO). This gas regulates vascularity and is therefore fundamental for blood circulation. In addition to improving the delivery of nutrients and oxygen through optimising NO availability, this improved circulation also supports stronger erections. Thus, arginine is indirectly involved in remedying erectile dysfunction and improving fertility.

Increasing Arginine levels

Although the body can produce its own supply of arginine there are instances where demand can exceed supply. In these situations, arginine becomes a conditionally essential amino acid.

arginine foodPoor nutrition, illness, prolonged stress, drug use; all these factors will diminish arginine reserves and negatively impact fertility. By consuming more foods rich in this amino acid, it’s possible to boost availability and better support sperm health.

Some rich food sources of arginine include red meat, nuts, leafy greens, legumes, soy products, whole grains, seafood, pulses and eggs. There are also many supplements available that are formulated to enhance arginine supply.

The top male fertility supplements

Click the button to read the comparison of male fertility supplements

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. “Esteves S.C. et. al. (2012). Critical appraisal of world health organization’s new reference values for human semen characteristics and effect on diagnosis and treatment of subfertile men, Urology, Volume 79 (pp. 16–22).”
  2. “van der Steeg J.W. et. al. (2011). Role of semen analysis in subfertile couples, Fertility and Sterility, Volume 95 (pp. 1013–9).”
  3. “Schachter, A., et al. (1973) Treatment of Oligospermia with the amino acid L-Arginine, Journal of Urology, Volume 110, Issue 3 (pp. 310-13).”
  4. “Scibona M., et al. (1994) L-arginine and male infertility, The Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, Volume 46, Issue 4 (pp. 251-3).”

6 replies
  1. Nduka
    Nduka says:

    Dear doctors. My name is unduca . I need twins babies. Please if there is any drugs or solution for that . easy write me so that we can exchange phone number thanks

    Reply
    • Dr. Jones
      Dr. Jones says:

      Unduca, there is no scientifically proven natural technique to improve the chance for twins. The statistical occurrence is higher with IVF, but I do not recommend that unless you have fertility problems. In terms of family planning I suggest you simply start as soon as possible with my usual advice: 1. both you and your partner need to improve your lifestyle: low impact sports, green / wholefood diet (as little sugar as possible!) + a male fertility supplement. He needs to take this for a minimum of 3 months as this is how long new sperm cells take to mature. Continue until with this lifestyle+supplements until you have achieved pregnancy. 2. Time your intercourse around the day of your ovulation. Have intercourse the day before ovulation, twice on the day of ovulation and a fourth time the morning after ovulation day. Your partner should abstain for 3 days before this so his first orgasm has elevated semen volume. You need to learn to exactly predict your small ovulation time window so use multiple techniques simultaneously. I recommend Body Basal Temperature + tracking you cycle with an app (just google “best Period Tracking App”) + urine strips to measure your “LH-surge”. Do your own research. 3. Stay positive and enjoy the journey with your partner. Best of luck

      Reply
  2. juwina e nebre
    juwina e nebre says:

    can u will help me i need get baby wish love but regular mens fail i am feel normal sad here wish i love babay dream love forever can u help m help me help
    can u will reply me

    Reply
    • Dr. Jones
      Dr. Jones says:

      Dear Juwina, please follow my usual advice: 1. both you and your partner need to improve your lifestyle: low impact sports, green / wholefood diet (as little sugar as possible!) + a male fertility supplement. You need to do this for a minimum of 3 months as this is how long new sperm cells take to mature. Continue until with this lifestyle until you have achieved pregnancy. 2. Time your intercourse around the day of your ovulation. Have intercourse the day before ovulation, twice on the day of ovulation and a fourth time the morning after ovulation day. Your partner should abstain for 3 days before this so his first orgasm has elevated semen volume. You need to learn to exactly predict your small ovulation time window so use multiple techniques simultaneously. I recommend Body Basal Temperature + tracking you cycle with an app (just google “best Period Tracking App”) + urine strips to measure your “LH-surge”. Do your own research. 3. Stay positive and enjoy the journey with your partner. Best of luck

      Reply
    • Dr. Jones
      Dr. Jones says:

      Dear Raja, the short answer is No. Sperm cells are ready for ejaculation (regardless of what triggers it) only after they have completed the maturation process of approximately 11 weeks. IN other words they are independent processes. I hope that helps. Good luck!

      Reply

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