There are various factors that can influence both male and female fertility. These include nutrition, weight, lifestyle and age. Emotional factors can also play a part, as stress can be detrimental to fertility.
Male fertility drugs
This can be caused by surgery, diabetes or medication. Imipramine can be used to close the neck of the bladder.Although fertility treatment cannot guarantee a pregnancy, the drugs used can help to increase the sperm count to 20 million or more. One study has shown that 40 per cent of couples achieved at least one pregnancy after the treatment. There may be certain side effects caused by fertility drugs. Gonadotropins can cause acne, weight gain, fluid retention and breast enlargement. The side effects will disappear after the treatment has stopped.
Female fertility drugs
The success rates achieved by these drugs can vary, depending on factors such as the age of the woman and the quality of the sperm. In patients who are taking bromocriptine, figures show that between 65 per cent and 85 per cent of women become pregnant.
Some methods produce conception rates of approximately 40 per cent, and gonadotropins have a conception rate of 20 per cent to 60 per cent. There can be side effects to the treatments, such as fatigue, headaches and weight gain. Fertility treatment also increase the chances of multiple births. Studies have found that 30 per cent of pregnancies achieved with gonadotropins result in multiple births, compared to 1 to 2 per cent with natural conception.
Fertility problems are not uncommon, with one in seven couples in the UK experiencing issues. There is advice available, so anyone who is experiencing problems should consult a medical professional to discuss the options.